the most endearing person to be the mayor of Zamboanga would be Maria Clara Lorenzo Lobregat. Aside from holding the
distinction of the first woman mayor of the city, she is looked up by to by most Zamboangeños as the mother of the city,
its protector and benefactor.
Maria Clara was born on April 26,1921, in Zamboanga City, the daughter of Don Pablo Lorenzo, a man who had served as mayor,
Zamboanga's representative to the first Philippine Assrembly and delegate to the Constitutional Convention and Luisa Rafols,
a lady from Cebu. Caling, which is her nickname, is the second child in a brood of five. She grew up with two sisters and
two brothers. They are Isabel, Maria Luisa, Pablo Jr. and Luis. Caling would spend much of her life in Zamboanga, Cebu and
Manila, places where her father was stationed in his government career or where they owned properties.
Even as a child Caling was very much exposed to political life as she was the constant companion of her father at many
political functions. One such historic occasion was the signing of Zamboanga City charter in Malacañang by President Manuel
L. Quezon. Her early exposure to the public life would be a great influence on the young girl.
Caling was enrolled in the prestigious school for girls, the Pilar College, and then transferred to Maryknoll, later to St.
Scholastica in Manila until the outbreak of World War II. The young Caling was in Zamboanga with her father when the
Japanese invaded the Philippines.
Immediately after the war, Caling felt that she had to do something to help the people affected by the war, and she
volunteered to work at the Remedios Hospital in Malate, Manila, taking care of the wounded and the sick. It was while
working that she met a handsome fellow volunteer, Celso Lobregat. Romance blossomed, and Celso proposed marriage. They
were wed on January 30,1945. She was only 24. They were blessed with six children: Remedios Concepcion (Ditos). Celso II,
Pablo, Jose, Lourdes (Ditas) and Jerome.
Caling was contented with the life of an ordinary wife and mother, but this changed when her husband died in a plane crash
in May 1968, leaving Caling a widow at the age of 48. Caling was left to take care of her children all by herself.
Caling Lobregat's political career started in 1971 when she was overwhelmingly elected as the Zamboanga City delegate to
the Constitutional Convention. She ran for the position of regional representative to the Batasang Pambansa in the early
80's but lost to Cesar C. Climaco. In 1987 she ran for Zamboanga City's lone congressional seat and emerged victorious. It
was for Caling a grand opportunity to prove her leadership in congress.
She became a member of several important committees. She used her pragmatic wit, diplomacy and influence to channel
benefits for Zamboanga City. Her congressional fund allowed several barangay projects to be accomplished. What particularly
marked her political style was her closeness to the people. She was always there for them, especially the destitute. She
established her congressional consultative office at her residence on Nuñez St. to monitor the needs of the people.
Hundreds of seekers of assistance would troop to her residence whenever she came home from congress, and she made every
effort to find time for each of them. The people were so impressed with her that she was re-elected in the 1992 and again
Congresswoman Caling Lobregat was a member of the Commission on Appointments, and of several committees, which included
the committee on national defense, trade and industry, transportation and communication, diplomacy, public order and
security, education and culture and legislative franchises.
In the Commission on Appointments, she served in the following commitees: Public Works and Highways (as Chairman), Foreign
Affairs (vice Chairman); National Defense, Agriculture and Food, Constitutional Commissions and offices; Education, Culture
and Sports, Environment and Natural Resources; Finance, Budget and Management; Government Corporations and other offices;
Health; Interior and Local Government; Regional Consultative Commissions and Regional Autonomous Governments; Justice and
Judicial Bar Council; Labor and Employment and Social Welfare; Science and Technology; and Tourism and Economic Development.
She was a delegate representing the House of Representatives in the Inter-Parliamentary Union Conference in London in 1989;
the IPU Conference in Canberra, Australia, in 1993; and the World Conference on Women and IPU Parliamentary Day in Beijing,
People's Republic of China.
She authored or co-authored various measures of national and local importance. In 1996 she was selected one opf the Most
Outstanding Congresswoman by the Philippine Graphic Magazine.
It was during her third term in congress that Congresswoman Maria Clara Lobregat would author her landmark legislation for
Zamboanga City, which was Republic Act No. 7903, the "Act Creating the Special Economic Zone and Freeport in Zamboanga City"
more popularly known as the ZAMBOECOZONE LAW. The law was envisioned to usher Zamboanga City into a new age of economic
development. Congresswoman Lobregat also authored Republic Act No.7272, which converted the Zamboanga Regional Hospital
into the Zamboanga City Medical Center, now a major medical facility in Southwestern Mindanao. She likewise authored
Republic Act No.7474, which converted the Zamboanga School of Arts and Trades into a Polytechnic College, now referred to
as the Zamboanga City Polytechnic College. In 1991,Congress approved her bill declaring October 12 of every year a special
non-workinhg holiday in Zamboanga to celebrate Fiesta Pilar, now embodied in Republic Act No.7350. It was through
her initiative and efforts that Zamboanga City became a recipient of more than P325 million in various other projects from
the national government.
After having served the city for three terms in congress Caling could have retired from public office or run for the senate.
As early as 1997 several parties, including the party of the administration under President Fidel Ramos were inviting the
active congresswoman to join their party. Yet she opted to run for the position of mayor following historical events which
would forever affect the political climate in Zamboanga City.
The Ramos administration in its bid to forge a peace pact with the rebel Moro National Liberation Front, came up with
several concessions, some of which would clash with the popular will of the Zamboangueños and the people in many places
in Mindanao. President Ramos issued an order creating the Southern Philippines Council for Peace and Development, placing
several cities and provinces in Mindanao which had already opted to be out of the Muslim area of autonomy under its coverage.
The SPCPD was to be headed by MNLF Chairman Nur Misuari after the MNLF rebel chieftain signed the peace accord with the
Ramos government. What made the SPCPD unacceptable to most Mindanaoans, especially the Zamboangueños, were several
provisions which they believed to be prejudicial to their interest and deemed unconstitutional.
Maria Clara Lobregat was to be at the forefront of the opposition to SPCPD. Her leadership was to fire up the militant
anti-SPCPD movement in Zamboanga bringing thousands of Zamboangueños to the streets. One memorable incident during this
time was when the police arrested a popular mediamen by the name of Ronnie Lledo, who was instrumental in leading the
anti-SPCPD in Zamboanga. The congresswoman went to the police station herself and asked that she be arrested as well
since she was also protesting against the SPCPD. The police had no other recourse but to let the protesting mediaman go.
Congresswoman Lobregat together with other personalities from Mindanao led the opposition in bringing to court the case
concerning the creation of the SPCPD. It was mainly due to this that she decided to pit her son Celso in the race for
congress against Mayor Vitaliano Agan, who had supported the Ramos decision for the creation of the SPCPD and the inclusion
of Zamboanga. Lobregat and Agan prior to this controversy had signed a pact for peace and unity, but congresswoman Lobregat
felt that Mayor Agan betrayed the trust of the Zamboangueño people, who voted 99.3 against inclusion in Muslim autonomy.
The Philippine Free Press would describe this uncommon quality of leadership in their editorial of September 14, 1996,
which read in part: "Whatever follows the peace agreement and the Christian opposition to it from the clash between the
two has already come one unqualified blessing: a quality of political leadership such as Mindanao has never known. The
leadership is shown by the Tres Marias (Congresswoman Maria Clara Lobregat, Luwalhati Antonio and Daisy Fuentes)."
In May 1998, Maria Clara Lobregat opted to run for the mayoralty against the administration candidate, Mayor Efren Arañez,
who took over after Mayor Agan decided to run for congress. She handily defeated Arañez. It would be the very first time
that Zamboanga would have a woman mayor.
The changing of guard at City Hall would bring a breath of fresh air after a period of controversy. Most Zamboangueños felt
that at least they had someone they could trust to look after the interest of the city and not of any political party.
The coming of Mayor Maria Clara Lobregat into office would bring in a renaissance of Zamboangueño culture as the people of
Zamboanga became more conscious of their heritage.
Mayor Lobregat made it her priority to restore the city of flowers' lost glory. She also sought to make the Zamboangueños
historically conscious and proud of their legacy as Zamboangueños. She embarked on a program of rehabilitating and
refurbishing the city's landmarks and required city hall employees to make use of the traditional Filipino attire in the
office every Monday. Mayor Lobregat herself had always been the shining example of what a truly nationalistic Filipina
should look like. Even when she was in congress, she was always a refreshing sight to behold, always wearing a mascota
dress which became her trademark.
Ditos, the eldest daughter, described her mother one dealt with her as a politician or as a mother. She described her mother
as fair, homely and strong-charactered. Ditos said the Lobregat children grew up with Lola Isang and Lolo Pablo in Manila
where they studied, while their mom and dad managed the hacienda in Lanao. But they would go home to Lanao every vacation
to spend time with their parents.
She said that one particular character of Mayor Lobregat was that she was a lover of nature. She said when the children
went home to Lanao for a vacation their mother would tell them to hop on to the jeep and they would go driving to the
forest and their farm with Mrs. Lobregat at the wheel. They would spend time to see trees and the wild plants in the forest,
or they would go to town in Cotabato. At a time when calamansi farming was not yet popular, Ditos remembered that they
would go hunting for calamansi seedlings for their farm.
She described Mayor Lobregat as a typical Zamboangueña who at the end of a busy day would just want to go home, eat a good
home-cooked meal and feel comfortable. She described Caling as a conservative mother, someone who checked on the activities
of her children. Ditos said that as children they grew up in a family where values were not just taught but learned through
the examples of elders. Nevertheless, Caling Lobregat was also very modern as a parent, in that she allowed her children a
free hand in deciding what they wanted to do with their life. Ditos recalled her childhood as one spent in an atmosphere of
love and harmony.
Simple, yet very dignified and glamorous, Mayor Maria Clara Lorenzo Lobregat exudes the grace and sophistication of the
modern Filipina woman- intelligent, firm, committed, loving and above all honest and sincere. To the Zamboangueños she will
always remain the good Samaritan in a mascota dress, a benefactor for the unfortunate, a mother, and a rallying point for